By Mohamed S. El-Aasser (auth.), Françoise Candau, Ronald H. Ottewill (eds.)
The progress of curiosity within the topic of Polymer Colloids over the past twenty 5 years or so has been very huge ensuing now in significant foreign meetings on an annual foundation and lots of nationwide ones besides. The curiosity stems not just from the big variety of functions of those fabrics but additionally from a interest as to the mechanism of formation and their transforming into use as version debris to enquire primary facets of physics and chemistry. In July 1988 a NATO complicated examine Institute was once held in Strasbourg, France, on the Centre St. Thomas. As an instructional advent to this I nstitute a chain of 8 lectures used to be given to hide the basic points of the topic. those 8 lectures have now been compiled into an Introductory textual content overlaying, emulsion poly merization, dispersion polymerization, inverse emulsion polymerization, the morphology of copolymer latices, the colloidal homes of latices, characterization tools and rheology. it truly is was hoping that those will serve a large viewers, undergraduates, graduate-students and study employees, either in and academe. The chapters all include evaluate fabric modern on the time of booklet. fhe 1988 NATO complicated examine I nstitute was once made attainable by way of a provide from the NATO-AS I programme and the subsequent businesses: BASF, Ludwigshafen, West Germany The Dow Chemical corporation, Michigan, united states Dow Chemical Rheinwerk GmbH, Rheinmunster, West Germany ICI PLC, Runcorn, England S. C. Johnson and Son Inc., Racine, united states NORSOLOR, Verneuil en Halatte, France Rhone Poulenc, Aubervilliers, France.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Polymer Colloids
We have recently found that it is possible to control the size of poly(methyl methacrylate) particles by carrying out the polymerization in mixed solvent media (9,21). Using a slightly unsaturated polyisobutylene as the steric stabilizer it was found that particles of'" 1 IJm diameter were obtained when the reaction is carried out in 2,2,4-trimethylpentane. However, when some of the alkane was replaced by carbon tetrachloride, which is a solvent for poly (methyl methacrylate) at elevated temperatures, the particle size increases as shown in Figure 5.
The mixed emulsifier system used to prepare these submicron monomer emulsion droplets usually results in increased surface concentration of the surfactant molecules through some complex association or liquid crystal formation. This interfacial layer seems to retard the radical capture efficiency, as suggested by the relatively long nucleation stage (43,46, 48,51 J. The presence of liquid crystals in aqueous solutions of cetyl alcohol-sodium lauryl sulphate mixture has been proven using birefringence measurements and microscopy examinations under cross polarized light (96).
8. 9. S. 138; Nijhoff, The Hague, 1987. H. , in Science and Technology of Polymer Colloids (2 Volumes), Eds. 67, Nijhoff, Dordrecht, 1983. , Academic Press, New York, 1982. Bassett, D. R. and Hamielec, A. Ser. , 1981. S. , in Emulsion Polymerization of Vinyl Acetate, Eds. Applied Science, London, 1981. , Plenum, New York, 1980. Blackley, D. , in Emulsion Polymerization, Applied Science, London, 1975. L. , Emulsion Polymerization, Interscience, New York, 1955. I and Lebedev. , Emulsion Polymerization and its Application 10.