Analysis and Modelling of Water Supply and Demand Under by Katharina Fricke (auth.)

By Katharina Fricke (auth.)

Located in a slender grassland hall among the semi-desert and a mountain diversity in Northwest China, the examine quarter Urumqi sector is regardless of its semi-arid weather in a comparatively beneficial hydrological state of affairs. The within sight mountains offer water for settlements and agriculture, making human improvement attainable within the first position. a result of improvement of agriculture, inhabitants and economic system over the last sixty years and the expanding water intake, a requirement- and population-driven water shortage exists this present day and is predicted to irritate. while, the results of weather swap and land use variations at the hydrological process and the water availability are doubtful. This research evaluates the hot and destiny scenario by means of combining a hydrological water stability version for the simulation of the water offer in accordance with situations of weather and land use swap with a socio-economic version for projecting the longer term water call for together with expected progress of inhabitants and economy.

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Additional info for Analysis and Modelling of Water Supply and Demand Under Climate Change, Land Use Transformation and Socio-Economic Development: The Water Resource Challenge and Adaptation Measures for Urumqi Region, Northwest China

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The growth of economy and population leads to a growing direct (drinking, hygiene, production) and indirect water demand (water-intensive food production or production of needed goods). If the economy and population are growing too fast, water demand will rise despite adaptation of demand and a general reduction of the per capita water consumption which has been documented for Urumqi City [53]. Simultaneously, water consumption rises due to the (also increasing) standard of living, the distribution of water, new requirements for water supply and discharge of pollutants and waste water will become one of the largest challenges for urban infrastructure and municipal governments [53].

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