By Betsy Israel
In this vigorous and colourful ebook of renowned historical past, journalist Betsy Israel shines a mild at the previous stereotypes that experience stigmatized unmarried girls for years and celebrates their creative feel of spirit, firm, and limitless luck in an international the place it really is not strange or not going to be unwed.
Drawing widely on basic resources, together with inner most journals, newspaper tales, journal articles, ads, motion pictures, and different fabrics from renowned media, Israel paints remarkably brilliant pics of unmarried ladies -- and how they have been perceived -- in the course of the many years. From the nineteenth-century spinsters, of recent England to the Bowery ladies of recent York urban, from the Twenties flappers to the Nineteen Forties operating girls of the battle years and the occupation women of the Nineteen Fifties and Nineteen Sixties, unmarried girls have fought to discover and believe cozy in that room in their personal. One want simply examine Bridget Jones and the Sex and the City gang to work out that unmarried girls nonetheless hold an uneasy dating with the remainder of society -- and but they radiate an air of secrecy of glamour and secret in renowned culture.
As witty because it is easily researched, as considerate because it is vigorous, Bachelor Girl is a must-read for ladies everywhere.
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Extra resources for Bachelor Girl: The Secret History of Single Women in the Twentieth Century
As well as wheat, a substantial element in the grain production of the empire was barley, with smaller amounts of millet, regarded generally as inappropriate for human consumption. Probably from the fourth century hard wheats – with a greater proportion of protein per volume – were gradually replacing the soft wheats that had hitherto dominated Mediterranean cereal agriculture, with important consequences for both diet and cereal production in the centuries to follow. Where the climate allowed – predominantly along the coastal plains of the Aegean and Mediterranean and in some sheltered inland districts – fruit, vines, and olives were also cultivated, sometimes extensively and, in the case of olives and vines, sometimes as cash crops to meet the demand from urban markets both near and far.
Where the climate allowed – predominantly along the coastal plains of the Aegean and Mediterranean and in some sheltered inland districts – fruit, vines, and olives were also cultivated, sometimes extensively and, in the case of olives and vines, sometimes as cash crops to meet the demand from urban markets both near and far. Vegetables, pulses, and root crops were also cultivated throughout the region, usually on the basis of household garden plots rather than extensively, so that villages and towns were for the most part supplied with all the essentials of life – food, drink, clothing, the materials for housing and the livestock for transport – from their immediate hinterlands (Map 3).
There was also a praefectural arca or treasury that administered the main income from the assessment of land and produce. Department heads had staffs responsible for the accounts of their particular province. These departments could send out inspectors and other ofﬁcials to supervise provincial and diocesan ﬁscal affairs, and they also despatched ofﬁcials to collect arrears of tax. Taxes were raised in a variety of forms, but the most important regular tax was the land tax. This could be raised in money, although much of it was actually raised in kind – grains and other foodstuffs – and deposited in a vast network of state warehouses, where it could be drawn on by both soldiers and civil administrators, who received a large portion of their salaries in the form of rations.