By Jeff Wallenfeldt, Britannica Educational Publishing
Whereas the U.S. represents freedom to many, a lot of its historical past tragically contains the enslavement of a giant part of its inhabitants. while the struggle for emancipation got here to an epic head, civil struggle ensued and the rustic was once divided as by no means prior to. infected passions on either side of the slavery debate encouraged fervent rhetoric, a lot of that is mirrored within the basic resource files interspersed with the textual content during this thought-provoking quantity, which chronicles the occasions of the yankee Civil warfare and the Reconstruction interval that undefined.
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Additional info for The American Civil War and Reconstruction: 1850 to 1890
Such were the empires of Assyria, Persia, Rome, China, and India. To hold these vast empires together and to encourage their inhabitants to accept distant, often foreign, rulers required not just powerful armies and elaborate bureaucracies but also new technologies. Imperial governments devoted resources to great public works projects, such as roads, aqueducts, and walls. They also encouraged shipbuilding and shipping and, to a lesser extent, crafts and mechanical engineering. The ﬁrst people to smelt iron, the Hittites, lived in Anatolia some time after 1500 bce.
The Greek historian Herodotus was impressed: Nothing mortal travels so fast as these Persian messengers. The entire plan is a Persian invention; and this is the method of it.
The earth brought forth vegetation: seed-bearing plants of every kind, and trees of every kind bearing fruit with the seed in it. And God saw that this was good. We now know how this happened. Six thousand years ago, a people called Sumerians began separating land from water and planting crops in the newly reclaimed wetlands rather than relying on rainwater as Neolithic farmers had done. In doing so, they created the ﬁrst civilization. The word civilization, as historians and anthropologists use it, refers to large-scale societies whose members contribute taxes, labor, or tribute to the state and pay homage to their leaders.